The Birman Cat

The Birman communicates in a mushy voice, primarily to remind you that maybe it’s time for supper or possibly for a pleasant cuddle on the couch.

In keeping with the centuries-old legend, pure white cats resided within the Buddhist temples of the nation of Burma (now Myanmar), and had been revered because the feline carriers of the souls of clergymen who had departed the mortal plain. (The time period for this course of is transmutation, which suggests to alter from one type to a different.) The Goddess of transmutation, Tsim-Kyan-Kse, was worshiped in these temples, represented by a golden statue with glowing sapphire eyes.

Mun-Ha, a priest and worshiper of Tsim-Kyan-Kse, served on the temple of Lao-Tsun. Each night Mun-Ha’s devoted companion Sinh, one of many 100 sacred white cats that lived on the temple, joined Mun-Ha for his night prayers in entrance of the golden statue.

At some point, marauders from Siam raided the temple for its riches and struck down Mun-Ha. As Mun-Ha lay dying, Sinh put his paws on Mun-ha’s head and confronted the statue of Tsim-Kyan-Kse.

Out of the blue, Sinh’s white fur modified to a wonderful golden hue, his face, tail, and legs darkened to the colour of the earth, and his eyes modified from yellow to a deep, sapphire blue. Sinh’s paws, nevertheless, remained white as an emblem of Mun-Ha’s pure spirit. The following morning, all of the temple cats had undergone the identical transformation. For the following seven days Sinh refused all meals and eventually died, carrying Mun-Ha’s spirit into paradise.

The trendy, and extra scientific, story of this breed, additionally known as the Sacred Cat of Burma, begins in 1919, when a pair of Birman cats arrived in France. Two completely different accounts are related to this pair of cats and, just like the legend, neither account is documented. The primary one alleges that across the starting of the 20 th century, the temple of Tsim-Kyan-Kse was once more raided. Two Westerners, Auguste Pavie and Main Gordon Russell, helped a number of the clergymen and their sacred cats escape to Tibet. When the 2 returned to France in 1919, they have been despatched a pair of Birman cats by the grateful monks.

Within the second and fewer romantic account, a person named Mr. Vanderbilt purchased the pair of Birmans from a disgruntled servant of the temple of Lao-Tsun.

In each accounts, the male cat, Maldapour, died on the ocean voyage to France, however the feminine, Sita, arrived in France pregnant with Maldapour?s offspring, and have become the European basis of the Birman breed.

The breed flourished and in 1925 the Birman was formally acknowledged in France and the primary breed commonplace was written. The breed was additional developed and refined in that nation till the chaos of World Battle II, when the breed virtually turned extinct. At one level, the Birman breed dwindled to a single pair of cats.

With cautious outcrossing, the Birman was reestablished and by 1955 Birmans started to be exported to England. They have been formally acknowledged as a purebred breed in Britain in 1966.

In 1959 the primary Birman pair arrived in the US, and in 1967 the breed was formally acknowledged in America. Since then, the Birman has flourished in america and is on his approach to changing into a well-liked and well-known breed.

Measurement: Birmans sometimes weigh 6 to 12 kilos.

Life Span: 12 to 16 years


The centuries of domestication and refinement as a real companion and “home cat” are evident, and this beautiful breed excels as an ideal modern-day pet.

Birman cats are a superb selection for people dwelling in flats.

They’re quiet, mild, and affected person, significantly with aged individuals or infirmed people.

Except you’re in search of a high-energy, buddy kind cat, the breed is difficult to beat.

The Birman cat is acknowledged by the Cat Fanciers Affiliation (CFA), the world’s largest cat group. and is without doubt one of the hottest pure-bred or “pedigreed” home cat breeds.

The breed will be traced to historical Burmese temples the place excessive monks created the unique and splendid look.

The Birman should be a “shade level” that means a pale white to tan background with legs, tail and muzzle of a darker shade, anyplace from blue to pink to black.

The coat is plush and tender and of a single size that requires much less grooming than another long-coated breeds, however common grooming continues to be required.

These are sturdy, giant sized cats which have few breed-related well being points.

As a result of it’s quiet, laid-back and enjoys mild interplay the Birman cat is a pleasant household cat that does very effectively with thoughtful youngsters, and makes a stunning “lap-cat.”


Each pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have various incidences of well being issues that could be genetic in nature. Issues that will have an effect on the Birman embrace the next:

– Congenital hypotrichosis, which causes them to be born with no hair, and thymic aplasia, an immune deficiency that results in elevated threat of an infection and dying. Thankfully, these circumstances are uncommon.
– Corneal dermoid, the presence of pores and skin and hair on the floor of the cornea (the clear entrance of the attention) of 1 or each eyes. It may be corrected surgically.
– Spongiform degeneration, a progressive degenerative illness of the central nervous system inflicting indicators that embody hind-limb weak point and uncoordinated motion.
– Shaking and trembling in kittens. This situation begins in some kittens when they’re about 10 days previous and lasts till they’re about 12 weeks outdated. The trigger is unknown and restoration happens spontaneously.
– Unusually excessive concentrations of urea and/or creatinine within the blood, which can or might not point out kidney dysfunction.


Regardless of the size of the Birman’s coat, it has a silky texture that doesn’t mat simply. Comb it weekly to take away useless hair and distribute pores and skin oils. Birmans shed their winter coat within the spring, so it’s possible you’ll need to comb extra ceaselessly then to take away free hair. A heat tub may also assist to loosen and take away the shedding coat. To perform a Birman bathtub, wetting the cat with a hand-held bathe nozzle is usually preferable to immersing him in a bathtub of water.

Brush the enamel to forestall periodontal illness. Every day dental hygiene is greatest, however weekly brushing is healthier than nothing. Trim the nails each couple of weeks. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a delicate, damp material to take away any discharge. Use a separate space of the fabric for every eye so that you don’t run the danger of spreading any an infection. Examine the ears weekly. If they appear soiled, wipe them out with a cotton ball or tender damp fabric moistened with a 50-50 combination of cider vinegar and heat water. Keep away from utilizing cotton swabs, which may harm the inside of the ear.

Hold the Birman’s litter field spotlessly clear. Cats are very explicit about rest room hygiene, and a clear litter field will assist to maintain the coat clear as properly.

It’s a good suggestion to maintain a Birman as an indoor-only cat to guard him from illnesses unfold by different cats, assaults by canine or coyotes, and the opposite risks that face cats who go outdoor, corresponding to being hit by a automobile. Birmans who go open air additionally run the danger of being stolen by somebody who wish to have such a fantastic cat with out paying for it.


Birman kittens are typically quieter and calmer than different breeds. They could be extra inclined to cuddle than discover, and are normally much less more likely to check out their new claws throughout play.

Kitten-proofing is certainly really useful for anybody contemplating adopting or buying any kitten, nonetheless.

Excessive furnishings ought to be off limits, and warning needs to be taken when holding children, notably when carrying them throughout arduous wooden or tile flooring.

With Birman kittens particularly, areas beneath counters and doorways needs to be blocked off as they tend to get lost to a quiet place for a nap.

Birman kittens are born white and develop their coloring over a couple of days to weeks.

Aside from that, the Birman kitten seems to be principally like a miniature grownup, though they might be a bit clumsy, and their fur lacks the silkiness of the grownup coat.

They have a tendency to develop at a mean fee and attain mature peak at about 6 months, filling out and maturing to full measurement and weight at about one yr previous.

As a result of it is a pretty standard cat, breeders of pedigree Birman kittens will be discovered comparatively simply, and the worth is normally pretty reasonably priced for a pure-bred kitten.


Within the superb Birman, the matching white gloves on the entrance paws ought to finish at or between the second and third joints of the paw. On the again paws, the gloves ought to cowl all of the toes and will prolong up increased than the gloves on the entrance paws. The gloves should prolong up the again of the hock and on this space are referred to as laces. Ideally, the laces finish in some extent or inverted ‘V’ and prolong one-half to three-quarters of the best way up the hock. Symmetry of the laces is fascinating. Ideally, the entrance gloves ought to match, the again gloves ought to match, and the laces ought to match. Nevertheless, getting well-gloved Birmans is the thorn within the paw of each Birman breeder.

Birmans are born pure white, after which develop coloration on the factors. The shading of the legs comes later, so the interval of ready for the glove markings to look is an anxious one for Birman breeders, because the glove markings are essentially the most troublesome to excellent. The gene governing the trait is the dominant white recognizing issue gene, which could be very tough to regulate.


The Birman has a silky, medium-length coat within the pointed sample of the Siamese (that means that the colour is darker on the face, ears, legs and tail), a broad, rounded head topped with medium-size ears, shiny blue eyes that give him a candy expression, and 4 white toes that give him the looks of sporting little white mittens. It is a medium-size to massive cat with a stocky, highly effective physique that belies his light demeanor.

The medium-long to lengthy coat has a silky texture and little undercoat, which signifies that it hardly ever mats. It types a heavy ruff across the neck and is wavy on the stomach.

A pale physique, which varies in shade relying on the cat’s shade, is ready off by darker factors. As an illustration, a seal level Birman has a physique that may be a pale fawn to cream coloration with a heat tone, regularly shading to a lighter shade on the stomach and chest. The factors are a deep seal brown. On the back and front paws are white “gloves” ending in a fair line throughout the paw. On the again paws, the gloves prolong up the again of the leg (referred to as laces) and finish in some extent or an inverted V form. Within the present ring, the symmetry of the “gloves and laces” are an essential issue and should imply the distinction between a kitten occurring to a profession as a present cat or as a pet.

Apart from seal level, Birmans are available in blue level, chocolate level, lilac level, and numerous parti-color level and lynx level colours. Lynx level Birmans have a clearly outlined M marking on the brow, gentle markings that resemble eyeglasses across the eyes, noticed whisker pads, solid-colored ears with no stripes, and “thumb marks” on the again of the ears. The legs and tail have stripes and rings.


Head Form: The top needs to be broad, giant, and rounded, barely flatter between the ears. The muzzle is broad and well-formed with a barely roman nostril, by no means compressed, or damaged. Full, spherical cheeks and a agency chin. Ears must be broad on the base, medium in measurement with rounded ideas. Eyes are giant, spherical, and vivid blue in colour.

Physique and Tail: The physique must be full however agency, longer than tall, with medium size legs of fine bone and substance. The paws ought to be noticeably full, massive, and rounded.

Coat: The coat needs to be full and flowing, of medium size with a silky texture. A full ruff across the face and neck is fascinating.

Sample: Pointed sample with a cream, buff or tan base, and seal, chocolate, blue, lilac, tortie or pink factors, very similar to the Siamese cat. All 4 paws will need to have strong white mittens. The fronts ought to ideally cease in a straight line on the ankle, or proper because the foot joins the leg. Within the rear, the white could rise larger, in what are known as “laces”. Symmetry of those markings may be very fascinating. White going handed the dew claws in entrance or the hocks in again shouldn’t be desireable.
Total Look: This must be a full-bodied, full-coated giant dimension cat with a regal presence. Nicely-pointed colour and 4 white paws with blue eyes all required. A sweet-natured, attractive instance of an ideal home home cat.


It’s mentioned that the Birman Cat will get it is white paws from strolling within the sacred temples of Burma the place the excessive clergymen selectively bred them for magnificence and measurement. Blue eyes, full coat and white mittens are a should!


Read previous post:
The Bombay Cat

This can be a sensible cat who likes to play and can thrive with a household who's prepared to show...