The Burmese Cat

The Burmese is commonly described as a “brick wrapped in silk,” a testomony to his strong, muscular physique.

The fashionable Burmese saga started in 1930 with a feminine cat named Wong Mau. This brown feline was delivered to the USA from Yangon, Myanmar (the previous Rangoon, Burma). Some sources say Wong Mau was dropped at the USA by a sailor and was given to a U.S. Navy physician named Dr. Joseph Thompson. Different sources say that Dr. Thompson himself introduced Wong Mau again from Myanmar. The latter is probably going true, given Dr. Thompson’s curiosity within the Far East and its cats.

Thompson frolicked as a Buddhist monk in Tibet and have become fascinated with the shorthaired, brown cats that abounded within the space. These felines, known as copper cats of their native area, have been round Southeast Asia for hundreds of years. They have been described and illustrated within the Thai e-book the Cat-Ebook Poems that dates between 1350 and 1767. Because the legend goes, the Burmese is a descendant of a breed as soon as worshiped in Burmese temples as embodiments of gods. The Cat-Ebook Poems additionally reveals photos of the Siamese and Korat cats, indicating that these cats existed as separate, definable breeds centuries in the past.

Thompson was so taken with the distinctive brown coat of Wong Mau and her charming persona that he got down to decide her genetic make-up and set up a scientific breeding program so he might create extra identical to her. Since no male counterpart made the journey, and since Dr. Thompson additionally bred Siamese cats, Wong Mau was bred with a seal level Siamese named Tai Mau. The ensuing kittens got here in three shade variations: beige, brown, and pointed.

Throughout his investigation, Thompson found that Wong Mau herself was a Siamese hybrid – half Siamese and half Burmese. The sable (brown) kittens had been crossed with one another or again to Wong Mau. It was found that the Burmese gene liable for the sable coloration is a member of the albino sequence of gene. The Burmese gene causes stable black to seem darkish sable brown by decreasing the quantity of pigment within the hair. Right now, the point-restricted coloration just isn’t noticeable in adults, however it’s notable in Burmese kittens to a sure extent.

The CFA accepted the Burmese in 1936. Different breeders imported a couple of extra cats from Burma to extend the gene pool, however outcrossing to Siamese continued within the 1930s and 1940s. Siamese breeders, nonetheless, had been lower than thrilled with the physician’s discovery; fairly than contemplating Wong Mau an thrilling new breed, they thought she was only a poorly coloured Siamese and believed that if she have been allowed within the cat fancy she would spawn many extra poorly coloured hybrid kittens.

Hybrid Burmese/Siamese cats have been being offered as purebred Burmese, inflicting a substantial amount of confusion. Due to the protest and due to the confusion about what constituted a Burmese and what constituted a Burmese/ Siamese hybrid, the CFA withdrew recognition of the Burmese in 1947. The opposite associations didn’t.

Regardless of the setback, Burmese breeders continued to work with and develop the breed. After a lot effort by breeders and fanciers, the CFA reinstated the Burmese for recognition in 1953, and for Championship in 1957. The renewed acceptance was primarily based on a brand new normal that permitted solely strong coat colours with out markings.

Life Span: 10 to 16 years


The trendy Burmese cat breed might be traced again to 1 feminine named Wong Mau, dropped at California from Burma in 1930, and cross-bred with Siamese of conventional kind.

The Burmese cat is acknowledged by the Cat Fanciers Affiliation (CFA), the world’s largest cat group. and is among the extra well-liked pure-bred or “pedigreed” home cat breeds.

In the present day’s Burmese is a stunning companion with a few of the dog-like tendencies and vocal proclivities of the Siamese, although not as loud, and positively not as aggressive – companion is the important thing phrase right here – they want individuals!

They may fuss with you round the home all day, then cuddle in your lap all night.

The coat is brief, easy and velvety with exceptional shine. Shedding is minimal and common grooming just isn’t required. These are small-sized cats which are very sturdy.

They’re identified to be fairly long-lived, typically reaching excessive into the teenagers.

They’ve few breed-related well being points aside from an uncommon tendency to ingest supplies like wool or different fibers. This has been recognized to trigger some abdomen points so maintain engaging objects away.

As a result of it’s extremely lively, light, affectionate, and calls for interplay with people, the Burmese cat is a effective household cat that does splendidly effectively with thoughtful kids.

For the fitting family, they could be a dream come true, so by all means examine if this sounds interesting.

They don’t wish to be left alone and may develop into harmful, so singles with demanding lives take observe.


Each pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have various incidences of well being issues that could be genetic in nature. Burmese are usually wholesome, though they are often vulnerable to gingivitis and could also be delicate to anesthesia. The next illnesses have additionally been seen in Burmese:

– Lipemia of the aqueous humor, a transient milky look of the attention throughout kittenhood, which normally resolves by itself.
– Corneal dermoid, the presence of pores and skin and hair on the floor of the cornea, which could be efficiently corrected surgically.
– Orofacial ache syndrome, indicated by exaggerated licking and chewing motions and pawing on the mouth. The discomfort can improve when the cat is worked up or confused, and the cats typically are reluctant to eat as a result of the exercise is painful. Some cats should put on an Elizabethan collar and have their paws bandaged so that they don’t damage themselves. Some instances resolve on their very own, then recur. The trigger and the mode of inheritance are unknown. Ache medicines and anti-seizure medication may also help, as can session with a veterinary dentist to rule out dental illness.
– Congenital peripheral vestibular illness, inflicting head tilting, poor steadiness, fast eye actions and uncoordinated strolling in kittens. Some kittens with the situation can also be deaf.
– Burmese head defect, a craniofacial abnormality.
– Hypokalemic polymyopathy, muscle weak spot brought on by low ranges of potassium within the blood, which is usually seen in Burmese kittens. Indicators embrace common weak spot, a stiff gait, reluctance to stroll, and head tremors. It may be handled with potassium dietary supplements given orally.
– Flat-chested kitten syndrome, a deformity that may vary from delicate to extreme. Kittens who survive to maturity normally present no indicators as soon as they attain maturity.
– Kinked tail, normally because of a deformity of the tailbone. It causes no ache or discomfort.
– Elbow osteoarthritis, an early onset of arthritis within the elbow, limiting the cat’s exercise or mobility.
– Endocardial fibroelastosis, a coronary heart situation by which the left ventricle of the guts thickens, stretching the center muscle. Indicators often develop when a kitten is three weeks to four months previous, good cause to attend till four months to deliver a kitten residence.
– Dilated cardiomyopathy, an enlarged coronary heart.
– Diabetes mellitus, an endocrine situation attributable to a defect in insulin secretion or insulin motion that leads to excessive ranges of sugar within the blood.


The smooth, quick coat of the Burmese is well cared for with weekly brushing or combing to take away useless hair and distribute pores and skin oil. A shower isn’t crucial.

Brush the tooth to forestall periodontal illness. Each day dental hygiene is greatest, however weekly brushing is healthier than nothing. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a smooth, damp material to take away any discharge. Use a separate space of the material for every eye so that you don’t run the danger of spreading any an infection. Test the ears weekly. If they appear soiled, wipe them out with a cotton ball or delicate damp fabric moistened with a 50-50 combination of cider vinegar and heat water. Keep away from utilizing cotton swabs, which might harm the inside of the ear.

Maintain the litter field spotlessly clear. Like all cats, Burmese are very explicit about rest room hygiene.

It’s a good suggestion to maintain a Burmese as an indoor-only cat to guard him from illnesses unfold by different cats, assaults by canine or coyotes, and the opposite risks that face cats who go outside, corresponding to being hit by a automotive. Burmese who go outside additionally run the danger of being stolen by somebody who wish to have such an attractive cat with out paying for it.


Burmese kittens are vivid, curious and lively. They’re very playful and free-spirited little kittens.

The exercise stage could be very excessive, significantly if they’re exploring their new residence so kitten-proofing is unquestionably advisable for anybody contemplating adopting or buying a Burmese kitten.

These are very affectionate little infants and can wish to be near you, so set some boundaries early so far as the place your kitten might be aloud to sleep, leap on and so on.

Excessive furnishings must be off limits, warning ought to be taken when holding these wriggly little kids, notably when carrying them throughout exhausting wooden or tile flooring, and areas beneath counters and doorways needs to be blocked off as they’ve a really robust urge to discover.

In look, the Burmese kitten could be very a lot a miniature grownup. These cats do not undergo an prolonged awkward interval as many different breeds do.

They have a tendency to develop at a median fee and attain mature top at about 6 months, filling out and maturing to full measurement and weight at about one yr previous.

As a result of it is a very talked-about cat, breeders of pedigree Burmese kittens may be discovered comparatively simply, and the value is normally inexpensive for a pure-bred kitten.


The Burmese’s physique fashion has modified over time. The 1953 commonplace described the Burmese as medium, dainty, and lengthy. By 1957 the usual was modified to halfway between Home Shorthair and Siamese. The phrases ‘considerably compact’ had been added to the usual in 1959; the phrase considerably was dropped from the usual considerably later. Since then, the usual has remained nearly un-changed.

Over the past 20 years or so a distinction of opinion has developed amongst breeders as to the favored conformation of the breed. One group favors the European Burmese, longer, narrower muzzles with a much less pronounced nostril break and a barely narrower head. The opposite favors the up to date Burmese, shorter, broader muzzle, pronounced nostril break, and broader, rounder head shapes. Due to this, two conformation sorts exist at present. Within the CFA, the European Burmese has simply been accepted as a breed in his personal proper within the miscellaneous class. (In Worldwide Division reveals they’re eligible for championship.) In CFF, CCA, and UFO, the breed is acknowledged beneath the identify ‘Overseas Burmese’. TCA acknowledges the basic and conventional Burmese.

One of many major variations between the 2 breeds, moreover the pinnacle and physique sort, is that the European Burmese is available in extra colours. As a result of the Burmese was crossbred with European Siamese traces that possessed the purple gene, the colours pink and cream have been launched, producing six further colours.


The Burmese is usually described as a “brick wrapped in silk,” a testomony to his stable, muscular physique. Whereas the unique Burmese was a darkish solid-brown colour often known as sable, he now is available in different shades as properly, together with blue, champagne and platinum. The cats have a compact physique with a rounded head; giant, expressive eyes in gold or yellow; and medium-size ears which are rounded on the suggestions and tilt barely ahead.

The coat is brief and satiny. The normal sable is a wealthy, heat brown, barely lighter on the underbody. A kitten’s coat darkens because it matures. Nostril leather-based and paw pads are brown. A champagne-colored Burmese is a heat honey-beige shading to a pale gold-tan on the underside. Nostril leather-based is a lightweight heat brown and paw pads are a heat pinkish tan. Blue Burmese have a medium-blue coat with a barely lighter stomach. Nostril leather-based and paw pads are slate grey. Platinum Burmese are a pale silvery-gray with mild fawn undertones and a barely lighter coloration on the underbody. The nostril leather-based and paw pads are a reasonably lavender-pink. Some associations allow different colours, together with tortoiseshell, lilac and pink.


Head Form: The pinnacle needs to be medium measurement in proportion to the physique, nicely rounded and never angular. The muzzle is brief and small however properly developed with full spherical chin. Ears must be medium in measurement and set far aside on the cranium. Nicely cupped with barely rounded suggestions. Eyes needs to be giant, spherical and wide-set with yellow or gold coloration. Sensible eye colour is extremely fascinating.

Physique and Tail: The physique needs to be lean and muscular and compact with a decent and heavy really feel to it. The highest line ought to be straight. Legs needs to be of medium size however fairly substantial in bone. The ft needs to be spherical and tightly knuckled with no splaying. The tail must be of medium measurement, straight and tapered.

Coat: The coat is okay and quick with a tender, satiny look and texture. Distinctively shiny and close-lying with no undercoat.

Sample: The one accepted colours are sable, champagne, blue and platinum. All should be with out barring, striping or in depth shading. The extra even the colour and the richer the hue the higher. The nostril and paw pads ought to match the physique coloration, pink allowed within the lighter colours.

Total Look: This ought to be a novel and unique wanting small measurement cat with significantly nice, satiny fur and a taut, muscular construction. Surprisingly heavy when lifted, beautiful persona.


The Burmese might be the heaviest purebred cat breed per sq. inch! They’re surprisingly dense and muscular and are sometimes called the “velvet brick” of the cat world!


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