The Maine Coon Cat

The Maine Coon is an area New Englander, hailing from Maine, the place he was a most well-liked mouser, farm cat and, most actually, ship’s cat, not lower than approach again to the early 19th century.

Maine Coons, like American Shorthairs, are thought-about native to America because of they’ve been on this continent given that colonial days, and perhaps longer. How they obtained proper right here inside the first place and the place their progenitors bought right here from, nonetheless, is anyone’s guess, since not one of many native colonists occurred by with their camcorders to file the event.

Many imaginative tales exist regarding the origin of the breed (some further believable than others), nonetheless arduous proof is as elusive as a cat at bathtime. One story alleges that the breed is a raccoon/house cat hybrid, thus the establish Maine Coon. Though every raccoons and Maine Coons have lush, prolonged tails and the tendency to dunk their meals into their ingesting water, such a union is biologically inconceivable.

One different anecdote, unlikely nonetheless at least potential, holds that the Maine Coon was produced by bobcat/house cat trysts, which could make clear the ear and toe tufts and the spectacular dimension of the breed.

A additional imaginative story claims that Maine Coons are descendants of prolonged haired cats belonging to Marie Antoinette. The Queen’s cats and totally different belongings had been smuggled to America by a captain named Clough, who was on the point of rescue the Queen from her rendezvous with the guillotine. Sadly, the Queen misplaced her head and the cats ended up staying with Clough in Maine.

Last, nevertheless not least, is the story of a sea captain named Coon who inside the 1700s launched prolonged haired cats with him on his excursions to America?s northeastern coast.

This closing story has on the very least a hoop of reality. Seafarers who used cats to handle rodent populations on their crusing ships most probably launched some prolonged haired buccaneers with them to the New World. Just a few of the cats went ashore as soon as they reached the northeastern coast and established themselves on the farms and inside the barns of the early settlers. Given Maine’s excessive native climate, these preliminary years ought to have been highly effective on cat and human alike. Solely the breed’s strongest and most adaptable survived. By means of pure selection, the Maine Coon developed into an enormous, rugged cat with a dense, waterproof coat and a hardy construction.

Regardless of the place the breed acquired right here from, the Maine Coon was one in every of many first breeds to be acknowledged by the late nineteenth-century cat fancy, and have develop into an early favorite. Mr. F. R. Pierce, who owned Maine Coons as early as 1861, well-known in The Information of the Cat that a tabby Maine Coon named Leo was awarded Best Cat throughout the New York Metropolis cat current of 1895 and was a continuing winner in Boston in 1897, 1898, and 1899.

Nonetheless, throughout the early 1900s, as new and additional distinctive breeds have been imported into the nation, the cat fanciers of the interval abandoned Maine Coons for Persians, Angoras, and completely different imports. By 1950 the breed had all nonetheless vanished.

Fortunately, a small group of breeders saved this undercat from going under. Breeders held Maine Coon-only cat reveals and in 1968 breeders based mostly the Maine Coon Breeders and Fanciers Affiliation. The associations that had snubbed the Maine Coon accepted them for Championship rivals as soon as extra and in the intervening time the Maine Coon has regained its former fame.

Measurement: This generally is a large cat. Most Maine Coons weigh 9 to 18 kilos (males are larger), and some tip the scales at 20 or additional kilos. They don’t attain their full dimension until they’re three to five years earlier.

Life Span: 9 to 15 years


The persona of the Maine coon cat is warmth and outgoing. These cats are sturdy, fun-loving and playfu, with a healthful want for vigorous interaction.

They’re as big-hearted as they’re big-bodied and love large, full of life households.

Maine Coon cats are acknowledged by the Cat Fanciers Affiliation (CFA), the world’s largest cat group. and are of the popular pure-bred or “pedigreed” residence cat breeds.

This cat developed naturally in very rugged climates and so won’t be demanding as regards to it’s environment. Ideally, they like some independence and entry to wild areas.

The Maine Coon is on the market in nearly any shade or pattern with conventional “tabby” or “tiger cat” patterns being most common. Pointed or ticked colors are undesirable. The engaging coat is prolonged or semi-long with an expensive undercoat. Shedding is also extreme and customary grooming is desired.

These are sturdy, very huge cats that can have a tendency in direction of coronary coronary heart problems with their later years, nonetheless in another case have few breed-related effectively being factors.

Because of it is comparatively full of life and enjoys common interaction, the Maine Coon cat is a nice family cat that does correctly with considerate youngsters, and can benefit from rougher play than most smaller felines.

Home dwellers ought to recollect the truth that they’re very big and require a little bit of frequent outdoors time to truly thrive.


Every pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have numerous incidences of effectively being points which can be genetic in nature. Points that may impact the Maine Coon embrace the subsequent:

– Hip dysplasia, which in excessive circumstances might trigger lameness
– Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a kind of coronary coronary heart sickness that is inherited in Maine Coons. A DNA-based examine is accessible to find out cats that carry one among many mutations that causes the sickness.
– Polycystic kidney sickness, a slowly progressive heritable kidney sickness that will find yourself in renal failure.
– Spinal muscular atrophy, a genetic dysfunction that impacts skeletal muscular tissues of the trunk and limbs. A check out is in the marketplace to ascertain carriers and affected kittens.


Whatever the measurement of the Maine Coon’s coat, it has a silky texture that doesn’t mat merely—in case you groom it recurrently. It is merely cared for with twice weekly combing to remove ineffective hair and distribute pores and pores and skin oils. Useful grooming devices embrace a stainless-steel comb for eradicating tangles and what’s often known as a grooming rake to tug out lifeless undercoat, which is what causes tangles when it’s not eradicated. Use it gently, notably throughout the stomach area and on the tail. Maine Coons are affected particular person, nonetheless they don’t like having their hair pulled any higher than you do. Confirm the tail for bits of poop caught to the fur and clear it off with a baby wipe. Bathe a Maine Coon as needed, which can range from every few weeks to every few months. If his coat feels greasy or his fur seems stringy, he needs a bathe.

Brush the tooth to cease periodontal sickness. Day-to-day dental hygiene is best, nonetheless weekly brushing is more healthy than nothing. Trim the nails every couple of weeks. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a easy, damp material to remove any discharge. Use a separate area of the material for each eye so that you simply don’t run the prospect of spreading any an an infection. Take a look at the ears weekly. If they seem dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball or comfy damp materials moistened with a 50-50 mixture of cider vinegar and warmth water. Steer clear of using cotton swabs, which could damage the within of the ear.

Maintain the Maine Coon’s litter subject spotlessly clear. Cats are very express about rest room hygiene, and a transparent litter discipline will help to take care of the coat clear as successfully.

It’s an excellent suggestion to take care of a Maine Coon as an indoor-only cat to protect him from illnesses unfold by completely different cats, assaults by canine or coyotes, and the alternative dangers that face cats who go out of doors, resembling being hit by a automotive. Maine Coons who go exterior moreover run the hazard of being stolen by any individual who wish to have such a sexy cat with out paying for it.


Maine coon kittens are rowdy, playful, and sometimes damaging. They could take some further teaching sooner than they completely grasp the litter area, and errors might happen.

They’re joyful and busy and tend to settle in quickly, hardly going off their meals or requiring any coddling.

Kitten-proofing is extraordinarily advisable for anyone considering adopting or shopping for a Maine Coon kitten.

Extreme furnishings should be off limits, warning should be taken when holding these wriggly little kids, considerably when carrying them all through exhausting picket or tile flooring, and areas beneath counters and doorways should be blocked off as they’ve a very sturdy urge to find.

In Look the Maine Coon kitten might seem smaller than you could depend on. These cats take as a lot as 5 years to realize full dimension and care must be taken to produce right vitamin whereas they develop. Maine coon kittens endure some awkward ranges whereas rising, and is also a bit clumsy and coltish from 4 months to a 12 months or so.

This is usually a very well-known and customary breed and kittens are typically on the market. In case you might be looking out for a pure bred Maine Coon kitten to buy you probably is not going to should look too far to find a revered Maine coon cat breeder.


One among many largest residence breeds, male Maine Coons weigh in at 12 to 18 kilos, whereas the females fall proper right into a ‘petite’ 10 to 14 pound fluctuate. Sluggish to mature, the Maine Coon takes three to four years to completely develop. Although brown tabby is the most typical shade and pattern, Maine Coons can be found in all types of colors.

The heavy all-weather coat, shorter on the shoulders and longer on the stomach and britches, makes the cat appear larger than he truly is. The texture is simple and silky pretty than cottony, so the coat wouldn’t mat as just because the coats of some prolonged haired breeds. Breeders typically advocate a twice-weekly combing with metallic comb.


A Maine Coon is a big, rugged cat with a simple, shaggy coat who seems as if he may put in a full day mousing on a farm in all local weather conditions. Definitely, he was constructed for merely such work throughout the harsh Maine native climate, and his breed customary shows his heritage, calling for a medium-size to large cat with a well-proportioned physique that is muscular and broad-chested. A Maine Coon has substantial, medium-length legs and big, spherical paws, successfully tufted with fur, to operate “snowshoes” all through winter.

A heavy coat is shorter on the shoulders, longer on the stomach and britches (prolonged fur on the upper hind legs), with a ruff in entrance and a protracted, furry tail waving a greeting. A medium-width head is barely longer than it is large and has a squarish muzzle. Large, well-tufted ears are large on the bottom, tapering to some extent, and big, expressive eyes are inexperienced, gold, greenish-gold or copper. White or bi-colored Maine Coons might need blue or odd eyes.

The brown tabby pattern is so frequent on this breed that many people don’t know Maine Coons can can be found in one other colors or patterns. They may very well be surprised to be taught that Maine Coons are current in steady colors that embody black, crimson or white, all tabby colors and patterns, bi-color resembling blue and white or purple and white, and patterns akin to tortoiseshell and calico. The reality is, Maine Coons is likely to be any shade or pattern moreover pointed (like Siamese) or any colors indicating


Head Type:The top is medium in width and barely longer than broad with allowance for broadening and jowls in males. Muzzle is sq. when seen from any angle. Cheek bones are extreme. Chin ought to be company and in line with nostril and better lip. Profile: The nostril is barely concave with no break. Ears: Large, tall, giant at base, tapering to look pointed, with lynx-like tipping and inside tufts extending previous the outer fringe of the ears. They’re set extreme on the head, the house between them being equal to the width of an ear at its base. Eyes: Huge, spherical, wide-set, with a barely oblique setting. Eye shade is also shades of inexperienced, gold or amber. Readability of color is desired. There is no such thing as a such factor as a relationship between eye color and coat shade, moreover in steady white cats, which might be blue-eyed, amber-eyed, green-eyed or odd-eyed.

Physique and Tail: Big in measurement, muscular and broad chested. The physique must be prolonged with all parts proportioned to create an rectangular look. Neck medium to prolonged; may be thick and muscular in older males. The physique ought to essentially really feel secure, with company muscle and no flabbiness. When seen from the rear, there is a specific squareness to the rump. Legs/Toes: Sturdily boned, wide-set, medium in measurement, in proportion to the physique. Ft large, spherical and successfully tufted beneath and between the pads. Tail: Prolonged, a minimum of the scale of the physique, massive on the bottom and tapering to the tip.

Coat: Coat is uneven in measurement and markedly subject to seasonal variation. Fur on head, neck and shoulders is temporary, turning into steadily longer alongside the once more in the direction of the tail and down the sides in direction of the abdomen. Britches and abdomen fur are full and shaggy. The coat flows simply down the physique, persevering with within the an identical technique on the tail. There is a frontal ruff, sometimes heavier on males than females. The tail is heavy furred, prolonged and flowing, nevertheless it is not bushy as is a fox’s brush. Texture: Type of self reliant, the coat is warmth with a lightweight density undercoat lined by a water proof outer coat. The coat won’t be fluffy. Coat texture may differ with coat color.

Pattern: Although the tiger or tabby pattern is by far the most common, this breed actually is out there in many colors and shades.

Basic Look: This must be a big, wild-looking cat, well-boned and carefully furred. A pure breed with keen survival talents, they considerably benefit from time inside the open air. Is also reserved with strangers, and won’t be typically overly affectionate. A pleasant cat that is correctly domesticated no matter look, and is blessed with startling magnificence.


The Maine Coon cat is the oldest breed to have originated within the US
Maine Coon cats are the largest breed of non-hybrid residence cat.


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